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18th Apr 13Managed by Chatham House
Financed by DEFRA
Black Market for White Gold: the Illegal Trade in Chilean Sea Bass
The purpose of the report is to identify suspicious trade that may be tied to illegal catches of this threatened species. It is hoped that this information will help customs officials in all countries engaged in exporting, processing, and importing toothfish to further investigate suspicious trade. Although this report focuses on US imports, it is likely that the patterns of trade that allow illegal, unreported, or unregulated (IUU) toothfish are similar in all countries that import this fish. The authors hope, therefore, that this report will motivate the Commission on the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources (CCAMLR) to strengthen the system implemented to discourage poaching and other illegal catches of this valuable fish. CCAMLR members have committed to accept landings and imports only from legally caught fish, but the system has loopholes that allow smugglers to flourish. The authors urge CCAMLR and its members to close these loopholes, and urge the US and other countries to consider enacting measures above and beyond the rules of CCAMLR such as supporting the listing of toothfish on Appendix II of the Convention on the International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES).
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