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18th Apr 13Managed by Chatham House
Financed by DEFRA
FAO: Legally-binding instrument on State Port measures approved
The long-awaited draft of the Legally-Binding Instrument for the Application of State Port Measures was approved in Rome before representatives and experts of more than 60 countries as well as observers from intergovernmental organisations and NGOs. The instrument will next be submitted to the relevant agencies of the Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) for its adoption this year.
After four rounds of sessions over 13 months and more than 20 days of work in plenary session, the Technical Consultation again convened this week, managed to agree on key points and obtained a consensus on a text, which when adopted will determine the obligations for Port States to combat illegal, unreported and unregulated (IUU) fishing.
One of the most disputed points was the definition of IUU fishing on which the agreement will apply.
In adopting the definition of the International Plan of Action to Combat IUU fishing of the FAO, in 2001, not only vessels that fish without a license could be prevented from entering specially designated ports, but those that target unregulated species or fish in unregulated zones suffer the same consequences. This offers greater comptroller authority to waterfront countries in areas where fishery ordinance organisations do not exist, like the Southeastern Pacific and the Southwestern Atlantic.
The text with the obtained agreement will be sent to the higher agencies of the FAO for its adoption in the last quarter of this year. It will enter into force when the instruments are ratified in 25 countries, which will most likely happen in the first six months of next year.
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